Development of EAP, through BALEAP PIMs

I’ve been asked to give a short talk at the next BALEAP PIM on the the history of BALEAP PIMs (Professional Issues Meetings). As I was preparing this, I thought it would be interesting to see how the topics, as shown by the titles of the presentations, have changed over the years.

BALEAP – then SELMOUS – started thinking about holding regular meetings of members to discuss their current work in the fields of EAP and ESP in March 1987 and the first PIM was held at the University of Leicester on “Teaching English for Legal Studies” in 1991. Since then there have been 60 PIMs comprising about 700 separate papers. These have been distributed as follows:

1991-1999 – 102 (approx)
2000-2009 – 293
2010-2015 – 305

It is interesting to note that there have been more papers presented in the first half of this decade than in the whole of the previous decade.

If we look at the titles of the presentations in the three periods, we might get some ideas as to how EAP has developed. This is what the Wordle word-clouds look like for the three different periods:

PIM Presentations 1991-1999

PIM Presentation Titles 1991-1999

PIM Presentations 2000-2009

PIM Presentation Titles 2000-2009

PIM Presentations 2010-2015

PIM Presentation Titles 2010-2015

Another approach is to look at the Keywords produced by Wordsmith Tools.

The 22 most common Keywords for the three periods are:

PIM Presentation Titles 1991-1999:Keywords
N Key word Freq. Keyness
1 EAP 15 313.46
2 SESSIONAL 7 129.68
3 ACADEMIC 12 113.95
4 WRITING 13 103.08
5 FOUNDATION 8 74.26
6 GENRE 5 59.57
7 INTERNATIONAL 9 53.11
8 ENGLISH 9 52.38
9 STUDENTS 8 51.90
10 PRE 4 48.19
11 LANGUAGE 8 47.95
12 CRITICAL 6 46.74
13 TEACHING 6 41.19
14 LEARNING 6 40.91
15 FEEDBACK 4 39.68
16 READING 6 39.12
17 COURSES 5 33.63
18 INDUCTION 3 31.72
19 IN 42 30.98
20 ASSESSING 3 27.46
21 DEVELOPING 4 27.21
22 COURSE 7 27.07

 

PIM Presentation Titles 2000-2009:Keywords
N Key word Freq. Keyness
1 EAP 57 1124.03
2 SESSIONAL 25 450.18
3 ACADEMIC 41 384.13
4 STUDENTS 48 359.34
5 WRITING 37 275.35
6 LEARNING 29 214.20
7 PRE 13 153.50
8 CHINESE 18 144.21
9 TEACHING 21 142.63
10 INSESSIONAL 6 125.29
11 INTERCULTURAL 7 123.13
12 CORPUS 11 113.96
13 UNIVERSITY 20 111.78
14 ENGLISH 19 90.47
15 LISTENING 12 85.66
16 CULTURAL 13 84.41
17 LEARNER 8 82.55
18 FOUNDATION 11 80.80
19 LEARNERS 8 79.73
20 COURSE 22 79.11
21 LANGUAGE 16 77.26
22 ESAP 4 75.88

 

PIM Presentation Titles 2010-2015: Keywords
N Key word Freq. Keyness
1 EAP 92 1836.14
2 SESSIONAL 26 467.11
3 STUDENTS 54 411.74
4 WRITING 41 309.55
5 FEEDBACK 27 298.29
6 PRE 23 295.15
7 ACADEMIC 32 280.87
8 STUDENT 29 226.03
9 ESAP 10 197.04
10 TEACHER 23 163.17
11 AUTHENTICITY 13 157.29
12 TEAP 6 124.71
13 ONLINE 11 118.61
14 SKILLS 18 114.70
15 AUTHENTIC 11 111.56
16 CORPUS 10 100.74
17 ASSESSMENT 15 99.12
18 LEARNING 15 89.80
19 CRITICALITY 5 87.62
20 TRACKING 8 86.82
21 INTERNATIONAL 18 83.57
22 EGAP 4 83.13

If we combine these into one table and delete the common repeating words:

1990s 2000s 2010s
FOUNDATION LEARNING AUTHENTIC
GENRE CHINESE FEEDBACK
INTERNATIONAL TEACHING ESAP
ENGLISH INSESSIONAL TEACHER
LANGUAGE INTERCULTURAL TEAP
CRITICAL CORPUS ONLINE
TEACHING UNIVERSITY SKILLS
LEARNING ENGLISH CORPUS
FEEDBACK LISTENING ASSESSMENT
READING CULTURAL LEARNING
COURSES LEARNER CRITICALITY
INDUCTION FOUNDATION TRACKING
ASSESSING LEARNERS INTERNATIONAL
DEVELOPING COURSE EGAP
COURSE LANGUAGE CLASSROOM
UNIVERSITY ESAP RESEARCH
BASED IELTS DEVELOPING
PROGRAMME ESP LEARNERS
PROVISION GENRE TEACHING
TASK POSTGRADUATE DISSERTATION
TESTING STUDY
VOCABULARY MATERIALS
STUDY DEVELOPMENT
TEACHER PHD

I think this clearly shows a change in emphasis from more general foundation courses and teaching in the 1990s to more specific courses – at a wider range of levels – using authentic materials in the 2010s with a recent emphasis on the teacher and teacher development.

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