Listening Comprehension and Note-Taking
Your listening will improve quickly if you hear English often - so make sure you do - films, television, anything. Any kind of comprehension is also part of a circle:
- understand learn have knowledge understand more learn more have more knowledge understand more etc.
So read around the topic before the lecture - or read the newspaper if you want to understand the news on the radio.
For academic listening, particularly listening to lectures, it will also be useful to learn about how the language works in lectures in your subject. You can learn the language you need, learn about how lectures are structured, and the various processes you go through to make sense of the words and phrases you hear.