Preparing for Academic Writing & Speaking

Doing the research

Linguistics Abstracts: Example

Linguistics Abstracts contains abstracts in English of linguistics articles appearing in more than 140 journals from over 20 countries. Each abstract is classified and cross-classified according to area, so that it is easy to locate abstracts on a common topic. Linguistics Abstracts abstracts scholarly articles appearing in linguistics journals and selected university and laboratory working papers. It also selectively abstracts scholarly articles of linguistic interest from journals in related fields and general scientific journals. It is published 4 times per year and is also available on-line.

Look at the following extract from Volume 19.

R Reading & Writing


Dombey, Henrietta. 2003. Interactions between teachers, children and texts in three primary classrooms in England. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy. 3 (1): 37-58.

Although not legally mandatory, England's National Literacy Strategy (NLS) has been introduced into almost every primary school in England. Interactive pedagogy and a broad conception of the reading process are claimed to permeate the various parts of the Strategy. This article examines the interactions between teachers, children and text during a Literacy Hour shared book session in three different Year 1 classrooms with five- and six-year-old children. The first transcript is taken from early demonstration video material produced by the NLS; the other two are of teachers implementing the strategy. A close examination of these transcript extracts shows very different patterns of interaction and implicit conceptions of the reading process. Paradoxically, the teacher chosen to demonstrate the Literacy Hour in action presents the most limited kind of interaction and the narrowest view of the process of reading. It is the teachers taking a more independent line who establish and support the interactive style and focus on meaning claimed by the NLS. These teachers encourage their children to develop relationships of both engagement and detachment with the texts that are the focus of attention, and thus, it is suggested, lay an important foundation for the development of complex acts of comprehension.



Hyland, Ken. 2003. Genre-based pedagogics: A social response to process. Journal of Second Language Writing. 12 (1): 17-30.

Process theories have been extremely influential in the evolution of L2 writing instruction. Responding to purely formal views of writing, proponents borrowed the techniques and theories of cognitive psychology and L1 composition to refine the ways we understand and teach writing. While remaining the dominant pedagogical orthodoxy for over 30 years, however, process models have for some time found themselves under siege from more socially-oriented views of writing which reject their inherent liberal individualism. Instead, genre approaches see ways of writing as purposeful, socially situated responses to particular contexts and communities. In this paper, I discuss the importance of genre approaches to teaching L2 writing and how they complement process views by emphasising the role of language in written communication.



Kubota, Ryuko. 2003. New approaches to gender, class, and race in second language writing. Journal of Second Language Writing. 12 (1): 31-48.

Gender, class, and race are constitutive elements essential to writers' agency and identity. However, these categories are not typically paid substantial attention in second language writing as well as in the larger field of second language acquisition and bilingual development, although issues of gender have been explored to a greater extent than the other two categories. This article summarizes constructivist and poststructuralist approaches to gender discussed recently in the larger field of second language learning and applies key concepts to issues of gender, class, and race in second language writing as well as interrelations among them. Recent discussions on gender and language have problematized fixed understandings of the gender binary in relation to language use. They have explored how gendered use of language is socially and discursively constructed and how gender, language, power, and discourse are related to each other in dynamic and transformative ways. It is suggested that new approaches to gender, class, and race be dialectic in that they should both explore differences between social categories in a non-essentialist way and expose discourse and power relations that are embodied in these differences. Future research agendas on gender, class, and race in second language writing that incorporate these approaches are suggested.



Atkinson, Dwight. 2003. Writing and culture in the post-process era. Journal of Second Language Writing. 12 (1): 49-64.

Does the notion of culture, currently under wide-ranging critique across the social sciences, still have a future? In this paper I discuss three possible uses of the culture concept in the field of second language writing for the 21st century: (1) Turning the cultural lens back on ourselves (where ,ourselves' means the very academics who have found the concept most useful in the past); (2) Investigating continuity, universality, and hybridity, whereas the culture concept has traditionally been used to investigate difference, localization, and cultural 'purity'; and (3) Expanding, contracting, and complexifying the scope of the culture concept. I conclude by arguing for a view of L2 writing that takes into account the full range of social and cultural contexts impacting L2 writing, rather than focusing narrowly on skills and processes of writing (in the classroom) in themselves.



Matsuda, Paul Kei. 2003. Process and post-process: A discursive history. Journal of Second Language Writing. 12 (1): 65-84.

While the term post-process can be useful as a heuristic for expanding the scope of the field of second language writing, the uncritical adoption of this and other keywords can have serious consequences because they often oversimplify the historical complexity of the intellectual developments they describe. In order to provide a critical understanding of the term post-process in its own historical context, this article examines the history of process and post-process in composition studies, focusing on the ways in which terms such as current-traditional rhetoric, process, and post-process have contributed to the discursive construction of reality. Based on this analysis, I argue that the use of the term post-process in the context of L2 writing needs to be guided by a critical awareness of the discursive construction process. I further argue that the notion of post-process needs to be understood not as the rejection of process but as the recognition of the multiplicity of L2 writing theories and pedagogies.



Pearson Casanave, Christine. 2003. Looking ahead to more sociopolitically-oriented case study research in L2 writing scholarship: (But should it be called 'post-process'?). Journal of Second Language Writing. 12 (1): 85-102.

In this essay I argue that three familiar areas of inquiry in future L2 writing research need to be investigated in more sociopolitically-oriented ways: written products, writing processes, and writer identity, and that qualitative case studies are well suited to explore the extraordinary diversity of L2 writers and writing contexts from an expanded sociopolitical perspective. However, although substantive changes in how we think about these areas of inquiry appear to be taking place, some resistance to these changes can be expected. Finally, I suggest caution in using the label 'post-process' to describe the substantive changes in how we are beginning to view L2 writing scholarship.



Rubinstein-?vila Eliane. 2003. Negotiating power and redefining literacy expertise: Buddy Reading in a dual-immersion programme. Journal of Research in Reading. 26 (1): 83-97.

This paper reports on a case study of face-to-face interaction around and about texts between a second grade dyad in a dual-immersion programme. Through the lenses of Vygotskian situated cognition and Literacy Studies, classroom observations were conducted, both holistic and focused. Daily peer reading sessions between a dyad were tape recorded, and informal interviews with the teacher and the participating dyad were conducted. The analysis of participants' verbal exchanges revealed multiple pedagogical scaffolds, few of which were unexpected. As meaning making became more salient to the various collaborative literacy tasks, the roles of tutor and tutee were blurred. The shift in power also impacted the direction of language switches. Buddy Reading encouraged the peer readers to acknowledge and draw upon each other's expertise, as they redefined what it meant to be 'a good reader'.



Petric, Bojana. 2003. Validating a writing strategy questionnaire. System. 31 (2): 187-216.

Validation of data collection instruments is an extremely important step in research; however, it is often only briefly reported in research studies. This paper deals with the validation of a writing strategies questionnaire and presents the various stages in the validation process. The questionnaire was validated using a qualitative and a quantitative method with two groups of participants from the target population, i.e. advanced non-native speakers of English. Using the qualitative and quantitative data, the authors discuss factors which affected the participants' responses to the questionnaire, dividing them into factors related to the construct of writing strategies, and those related to the research instrument and reliability check method. Potential problems and limitations of research into writing strategies using questionnaires are pointed out. The authors conclude that validation using triangulation of different data sources provides not only information on the validity of the instrument but also valuable insights into the construct itself.



Cz?rl, Bernadett. 2003. Validating a writing strategy questionnaire. System. 31 (2): 187-216.

Validation of data collection instruments is an extremely important step in research; however, it is often only briefly reported in research studies. This paper deals with the validation of a writing strategies questionnaire and presents the various stages in the validation process. The questionnaire was validated using a qualitative and a quantitative method with two groups of participants from the target population, i.e. advanced non-native speakers of English. Using the qualitative and quantitative data, the authors discuss factors which affected the participants' responses to the questionnaire, dividing them into factors related to the construct of writing strategies, and those related to the research instrument and reliability check method. Potential problems and limitations of research into writing strategies using questionnaires are pointed out. The authors conclude that validation using triangulation of different data sources provides not only information on the validity of the instrument but also valuable insights into the construct itself.



Hyland, Fiona. 2003. Focusing on form: Student engagement with teacher feedback. System. 31 (2): 217-230.

This paper explores the relationship between teacher feedback and student revision in two academic writing classes. The study adopts a case study approach and looks at all the feedback given to six students over a complete course. Using data from teacher think aloud protocols, teacher and student interviews and student texts, it examines the extent to which teachers focused on formal language concerns when they gave feedback and the use that students made of this feedback in their revisions. Findings suggest that despite the teachers' beliefs and teaching approaches, language accuracy was a very important focus for their feedback. While most of the students engaged with this feedback when revising their drafts, the extent to which they used it varied among the case study subjects. Two case studies who made consistent and sustained use of form-focused feedback are discussed in greater detail to examine student engagement with form-focused feedback over a complete course.



Ozono, Shuichi and Harumi Ito. 2003. Logical connectives as catalysts for interactive L2 reading. System. 31 (2): 283-298.

The present paper focuses on logical connectives as catalysts for interactive reading. Its basic purpose is to clarify how text comprehension can be affected by the types of logical relations and by the levels of proficiency in English (L2), using Japanese university students as the subjects for experimentation and focusing on three logical connectives; forexample for illustrative, therefore for causal ;and however for adversative. A special test (Logical Relations Reading Test) was developed, in which the subjects were asked to select appropriate logical connectives for the target logical relations. The results show that the low proficiency group's performance varied from one type of logical relation to another while the high proficiency group were little affected by the type of logical relations in their reading performance. Also shown is that the low group had a tendency to favour for example over therefore, and therefore over however while the high group had a tendency to select each of the three logical connectives evenly. Based on these findings, a concept of cognitive load is proposed as an additional factor causing the difference in performance among readers of different L2 proficiency levels, thus supplementing Murray's continuity hypothesis.



Stanovich, Keith E. 2003. Understanding the styles of science in the study of reading. Scientific Studies of Reading. 7 (2): 105-126.

Remarkable progress has been made in the last 30 years toward understanding the basic psychological processes that underlie the act of reading. Dissemination of these results has sometimes been hampered because they are associated with strong stances on 5 different dimensions that represent styles of doing science. Research into the psychology of reading has been characterized by an emphasis on correspondence theories of truth rather than coherence, an emphasis on analytic reductionism rather than holism, an emphasis on probabilistic prediction (as opposed to a case-based approach), the search for robust-process explanations (rather than actual-sequence explanations), and a concern for consilience. These scientific styles have served the field well to this point, but that does not mean that we have calibrated their use in the optimal manner. Critiques by those with differing scientific styles may help the field to adjust its stance on these style dimensions in ways that foster scientific progress. This article ends with some thoughts on the difficulty of defining the scientific method.



Wang, Min, Charles A. Perfetti and Ying Liu. 2003. Alphabetic readers quickly acquire orthographic structure in learning to read Chinese. Scientific Studies of Reading. 7 (2): 183-208.

This study aimed to explore how alphabetic readers learn to read Chinese. Firstyear Chinese beginning learners who are skilled English readers were tested for their sensitivity to the visual-orthographic structures of Chinese characters. The study also explored the effect of the frequency of the characters in their curriculum on performance of a lexical decision and naming task. The students' linguistic knowledge about the characters was also tested. Results showed that the beginning learners were sensitive to the structural complexity of characters, they accepted simple characters more quickly and more accurately than compound characters, and they responded faster and more accurately to high-frequency than to low-frequency characters. Sensitivity to the structural composition of the character was also revealed: The learners rejected noncharacters containing illegal radical forms faster and more accurately than those containing legal radical forms in illegal positions, which in turn were rejected faster and more accurately than those containing legal radical forms in legal positions. A significant frequency effect was also found in the naming task, though the effect of structural complexity was not significant. These results suggest that perceptual learning plays an important role in early nonalphabetic learning by alphabetic readers. Both cross-writing system differences and second-language status may have an impact on such learning.



Fahnestock, Jeanne. 2003. Verbal and visual parallelism. Written Communication. 20 (2): 123-152.

This study investigates the practice of presenting multiple supporting examples in parallel form. The elements of parallelism and its use in argument were first illustrated by Aristotle. Although real texts may depart from the ideal form for presenting multiple examples, rhetorical theory offers a rationale for minimal, parallel presentation. The form for presenting data can also influence the way it is observed and selected, as the case of the Linnaean template for species grouping illustrates. Parallel presentation is not limited to verbal phrasing. Arranging data in tables, typical in scientific discourse, satisfies the same requirements for minimal, equivalent presentation of evidence. Arranging representational or iconic images in rows or arrays is yet another mode for the parallel presentation of evidence, although this mode has a recent history. A cognitive rationale can perhaps explain the use of parallelism to present multiple supporting examples.


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Markelis, Daiva. 2003. 'Talking through letters': Collaborative writing in early Lithuanian immigrant life. Written Communication. 20 (2): 153-169.

The emphasis on the individual in Western culture has blinded us to how social relationships affect literacy acquisition and, conversely, how literacy transforms these relationships. This article deals with the literacy practices, specifically, letter writing, of Lithuanian immigrants who arrived in the United States during the end of the 19th century. For these immigrants, reading and writing were collaborative activities, not the individual, solitary acts that we often assume them naturally to be. Individuals often turned to more literate neighbors for assistance in tasks involving reading and writing, an extension of the concept of talka, the Lithuanian tradition of collective assistance. Parents also frequently engaged the help of sons and, especially, daughters in writing letters to relatives in Lithuania. Letter writing thus not only fostered solidarity between immigrant and their relatives in Lithuania but also between Lithuanian immigrant parents and their increasingly literate, Americanized children.



Cahill, David. 2003. The myth of the 'turn' in contrastive rhetoric. Written Communication. 20 (3): 170-194.

Contrastive rhetoric scholarship researches rhetorical structures across languages to predict the difficulties experienced by students learning to write essays in a second language. The paradigmatic contrast is between Western languages (e.g., English) that are said to exemplify 'linearity' and 'directness' and Eastern languages (e.g., Chinese, Japanese) that are said to exemplify 'nonlinearity' and 'indirectness.' The prime examples in English-language contrastive rhetoric scholarship of Asian essay structure are the four-part Chinese qi cheng zhuan he and Japanese ki sho ten ketsu, whose third steps are said to represent a 'turn'. The author's research into Chinese and Japanese-language scholarship on these two structures fords that the 'turn' is not a rhetorical move of 'circularity' or 'digression' as commonly assumed but rather serves as the occasion to develop an essay further by alternative means. The implication for second-language writing is recognition of greater similarities in essayist literacy across these languages than previously supposed.



Find the abstracting journals for your subject.

Linguistics Abstracts: List of periodicals

Abstracting journals will give you a list of the journals used to compile the abstracts. This is the list from Linguistics Abstracts.

Acquisition et Interaction en Langue ?trang?re

Acta Linguistica Hungarica

American Journal of Philology

American Speech

Annual Review of Applied Linguistics

Annual Review of Language Acquisition

Anthropological Linguistics

Antwerp Papers in Linguistics


Applied Linguistics

Applied Psycholinguistics

Archiv orientaln?

Artificial Intelligence Review

Artificial Intelligence

Asia Pacific Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing

Asian Journal of English Language Teaching

Assessing Writing

Augmentative and Alternative Communication

Australian Journal of Linguistics

Australian Review of Applied Linguistics




Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics, The

Canadian Modern Language Review, The

Canadian Slovanic Papers

Child Development

Child Language Teaching and Therapy


Cognitive Neuropsychology

Cognitive Systems Research

Computational Intelligence

Computational Linguistics

Computer Assisted Language Learning

Computers and Composition

Computers and the Humanities

Contrastive Linguistics


Discourse & Society

Document Design

English for Specific Purposes

English Language and Linguistics

English Linguistics

English Studies

English Today

English World-Wide


EUROSLA Yearbook

Field Methods

First Language

Functions of Language

General Linguistics





Hebrew Linguistics

Histoire ?pist?molgie Langage

Historiographia Linguistica

Information Design Journal

Interdisciplinary Journal for Germanic Linguistics & Semiotic Analysis

International Journal for the Semiotics of Law

International Journal of American Linguistics

International Journal of Applied Linguistics

International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism

International Journal of Bilingualism

International Journal of Corpus Linguistics

International Journal of Lexicography

International Journal of the Sociology of Language



Journal of Asian Pacific Communication

Journal of Celtic Linguistics

Journal of Child Language

Journal of Chinese Linguistics

Journal of Communication Disorders

Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics, The

Journal of Early Childhood Literacy

Journal of East Asian Linguistics

Journal of English for Academic Purposes

Journal of English Linguistics

Journal of Fluency Disorders

Journal of Germanic Linguistics

Journal of Greek Linguistics

Journal of Historical Pragmatics

Journal of Indo-European Studies, The

Journal of Language and Politics

Journal of Language and Social Psychology

Journal of Linguistics

Journal of Logic, Language and Information

Journal of Memory and Language

Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development

Journal of Neurolinguistics

Journal of Phonetics

Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages

Journal of Portuguese Linguistics

Journal of Pragmatics

Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

Journal of Quantitative Linguistics

Journal of Research in Reading

Journal of Second Language Writing

Journal of Semantics

Journal of Sociolinguistics

Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, The

Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan

Journal of the Simplified Spelling Society

Journal of Universal Language

Juznoslovenski filolog


Language & Communication

Language Acquisition

Language and Cognitive Processes

Language and Education

Language and Intercultural Communication

Language and Learning

Language and Literature

Language and Speech

Language Awareness

Language Culture and Curriculum

Language in Society

Language Learning

Language Policy

Language Problems & Language Planning

Language Research

Language Sciences

Language Teaching Research

Language Testing

Language Variation and Change


Language, Culture and Curriculum



Linguistic Discovery

Linguistic Inquiry

Linguistic Review, The

Linguistics and Philosophy

Lingvistic? Investigationes

Literary & Linguistic Computing

Literary and Linguistic Computing

Lund University Working Papers

Machine Translation


Metaphor and Symbol

Mind & Language

Modern Language Journal, The


Narrative Inquiry

Natural Language & Linguistic Theory

Natural Language Engineering

Norsk Lingvistisk Tidsskrift

Oceanic Linguistics

Philologie im Netz




Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics, The

Proceedings of Japanese Cognitive Linguistics Association

Proceedings of the First Annual Meeting of the Japanese Cognitive Linguistics Association

Proceedings of the Second Annual Meeting of the Japanese Cognitive Linguistics Association

Przeglad Rusycystyczny

Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, The

Rasprave Instituta Za Hrvatski Jezik I Jezikoslovlje

Reading and Writing

Reading Literacy and Language


RELC Journal

Research on Language and Social Interaction

Revista de Documentação de Estudos em Linguistica Teórica e Aplicada

Russian Linguistics


Scientific Studies of Reading

Second Language Research

Sign Language & Linguistics

Sign Language Studies


SKY Journal of Linguistics

Slavisticna revija

Social Semiotics

Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies

Speech Communication

Sprachtypologie and Universalienforschung

Stellenbosch Papers in Linguistics

Strani jezici

Studia Linguistica

Studia Logica

Studies in Communication Sciences

Studies in Language

Studies in Second Language Acquisition

Syntax in the Schools






Theoretical and Applied Linguistics at Kobe Shoin

Theoretical Linguistics

Transactions of the Philological Society

Turkic Languages

Visual Communication


World Englishes

Written Communication

Written Language & Literacy

Zeitschrift fur Sprachwissenschaft