Preparing for Academic Writing and Speaking

Understanding the task

Exercise 1

Instruction Words 1

Exercise 2

Instruction Words 2

Exercise 3

Analyse the example questions below.

  1. Identify the topic.
  2. If the topic has a restriction or expansion, identify it.
  3. Search for the aspect.
  4. Identify the instruction.
  5. Check whether there is a viewpoint.

Examples of questions

  1. Account for the large-scale immigration into Malaya in the late 19th Century.
  2. Analyse the changes in US policy towards China during the 1970s.
  3. Assess the contribution of Asoka to the spread of Buddhism in India.
  4. Explain the concept of 'role'. Of what use is the concept to a practising manager?
  5. Compare and contrast cellulose and lignin decomposition in soil.
  6. List the criteria you would apply to the presentation of government expenditure policy.
  7. Critically discuss economies and diseconomies of scale.
  8. What deductions can be made after studying the cell exhibited at C?
  9. Evaluate the contribution of political parties to the development of public policy in the United States and Canada.
  10. To what extent does the British public participate in the political process?
  11. What factors determine the elasticity of demand curves?
  12. Describe the histology and functional importance of striated muscle.
  13. Illustrate your answer by typical temperature profiles.
  14. Discuss the implications of the Milgram and Zimbardo experiments for understanding people's behaviour in situations involving authority.
  15. Discuss the use of behaviour therapy in clinical psychology and comment on its limitations.
  16. Illustrate the diversity of anaerobic bacteria by reference to either practical importance or mechanism of energy generation.
  17. Outline the requirements as to 'locus standi' in relation to injunctives and declaratives.
  18. Discuss the role of international capital movements in a world payments system.
  19. Define Administrative Law indicating its general scope and function.
  20. Consider the significance of the year 1848 for the Hapsburg Empire.
  21. Summarise the main requirements of the law in respect of the employer-employee relationship.
  22. 'They are often at a disadvantage in dealing with industry at a technical level.' How valid is this criticism of British Civil Servants?
  23. To what extent is an understanding of the various approaches to industrial relations useful in allowing us to make better sense of the changing nature of the employment relationship?
  24. Discuss the extent to which Human Resource Management and its associated individualism has led to a demise in collectivism and the role of trade unions.
  25. Discuss the respective influences of states and markets in the contemporary world economy characterised by globalisation.
  26. Analyse the process of transition from a command economy to a market economy, drawing upon the many recent examples.

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