Academic Writing

Features of academic writing

Formality

In general this means in an essay that you should avoid:

a. colloquial words and expressions; ""stuff", "a lot of", "thing", "sort of",

b. abbreviated forms: "can't", "doesn't", "shouldn't"

c. two word verbs: "put off", "bring up"

d. sub-headings, numbering and bullet-points in formal essays - but use them in reports.

e. asking questions.

Exercises

Try the following exercises:

1. Colloquial words and expressions,
2. Abbreviations,
3. Two-word verbs,
4. Formal/Informal