Academic writing style


Exercise 3

Avoiding two word verbs

There is often a choice in English between a two word verb and a single verb - bring up/raise, set up/establish.

Rewrite the following sentences, replacing the informal two-word verb with a more formal equivalent.

1. A primary education system was set up throughout Ireland as early as 1831
2. This will cut down the amount of drug required and so the cost of treatment.
3. The material amenities of life have gone up in Western society.
4. The press reflected the living culture of the people; it could influence opinion and reinforce existing attitudes but it did not come up with new forms of entertainment.
5. Thus, he should have looked into how the patient has coped previously.
6. The aggregate of outstanding balances went up and down quite violently.
7. In 1947 the Treasury brought up the question of excluding South Africa (and India) from the sterling area.
8. Dieters often feel that they should totally get rid of high-fat and high-sugar foods.
9. Thus when a Gallic bishop in 576 converted the local Jewish community to Christianity, those who turned down baptism were expelled from the city.
10. Western scholars gradually turned out a corpus of translations from the Arabic and studies of Islam.
11. Ms Tucker, Lord White's 29-year-old companion, has since taken her statement back.
12. Discussion of the outcome of experiments that have used this method will be put off until Chapter 7.
13. They did not easily accept or put up with differences in others.
14. My high-school friend signed up for three years with the army so he could put away enough money to go to university and study law.
15. The solitary feeding of insectivores in forests was therefore put down to a foraging strategy involving the pursuit of cryptic and easily disturbed prey by singletons.
16. In style, the turn toward abstraction and simplification came about earliest with Anquetin and Bernard and next with van Gogh.
17. For Klein that cloudless day never arrived, but he never gave up his hope for a just world.
18. Eventually the Irish party was forced to go back to Westminster.
19. The court thinks it just and equitable to give back the property.
20. The English liked coal fires even though they do not always give off much heat.
21. The story told by German propaganda, however, gave away nothing of the mounting hopelessness of the 6th Army's position.
22. These exercises can easily be incorporated into an exercise routine, with each done again a number of times.
23. Marx took as one of his main tasks the understanding of how this system came into being and this was in order to find out why this system had such power.
24. This was before he had read the guidelines on how to carry out the research.
25. Still, the pressure to do well as an individual made most women believe that the problems they encountered were probably of their own making.

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